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But just how do you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a very creative way I love to call Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds easy, right
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Of course, this guessing is all done by your computer. The more powerful your computer is, the more guesses you can create in one second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to figure correctly, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the right suspect, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents your moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with your solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its somewhat much like a Rubiks cube: The solution is very tough to achieve but very easy to validate.
3. Each computer which validates your solution upgrades its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions that you opted to include in the block.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the cube youve just entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its find more information called mining because of the simple fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining part is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation process. Therefore the name is a bit official website misleading, since the main objective of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for every block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Obviously, the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed every time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you may be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the principles for mining in a way that the further mining energy the network has, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining mathematics issue. Therefore that the difficulty of the mining method is actually self-adjusting into the gathered mining power the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it will get more difficult to address the issue; when many of them fall off, it will get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two cubes being added minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has made a sort of arms race to get the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners out there. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. Since Bitcoin began to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.